If you were able to travel back in time to visit Earth during the Archaean period you would not recognize it as the same planet we inhabit today.
FOR MORE CLICK HERE The atmosphere was very different from today it most probably consisted of methane, ammonia, and other gases which would be toxic to most life on earth today.
But, although Lydenburg was healthier, marauding Bapedi armies under the leadership of Kgosi Sekhukhune fought a series of bloody pitched battles with the settlers, monuments to which can still be seen in the area.
This is because it is only in the beautifully preserved rocks of the Makhonjwas that they are able to find the clues that science needs to learn about the earth's earliest history and the way life began.
this area is home to an incredible variety of endemic native plants and animals occurring only within this particular area in South Africa.
It was once the capital of its own independent republic, and still boasts some of the best preserved Zuid Afrikaanse and old Transvaal architecture in the country.
Lydenburg, which means "place of suffering" was founded by these pioneering Voortrekkers fleeing malaria and the debilitating heat of lower lying areas in the early 1800s.
This range is also referred to as the ‘Genesis of Life’,because it's geology includes the best preserved ancient Achaean rocks on earth.
These ancient rocks are 3.5 billion years old and they are so well preserved that their fossils accurately record the earliest life forms on the planet, as well as evidence of the first massive meteorite impact on record, possibly related to the formation of our moon.
This can be safely said to be the place where life on Earth began more than 3.5 billion years ago.
Achaean serpentinites in the Komati river valley, South Africa, have distinctive crystal textures and volcanic features which distinguish them from normal coarse-grained serpentinites.
It was during this time, that the Earth's crust cooled enough in order for rocks and continental plates to begin forming.