A snippet of information on maps of Glamorgan - the following is from the Glamorgan section of Ogilby's strip-map "The Road from London to St David's" first published in 1675. In South Wales during the 19th century the rapid development of heavy industries & coal mining created centres of dense populations where voluntary efforts to provide education in many areas proved inadequate & ineffective.
Place names & notable buildings can be seen on this section from Aberavon to Cowbridge (A48). The characteristic feature of the industrial evolution of South Wales during the first half of the 19th century was the growth & expansion of the ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgical industries.
The skull fragments, as reconstructed, are deposited in the National Museum of Wales.
The game of rugby football grew up in the mining community of Kenfig Hill with the village functioning as a club during the mid 1890's - the team wore blue & white squared jerseys and played home games on a field called "Cae Rhys" which was located along Stormy Road.
A derelict, short upriight tower stands near Mount Pleasant Farm of the edge of an escarpment at an elevation of 307 feet. Such schools were primarily for colliers' children, but, as in other "works" schools, children of other work-people took advantage of such educational facilities provided there were vacancies or "places" in these schools.
This is the remains of a type of primitive, shorter, parallel-sided windmill (similar to ones across the channel in Somerset). The establishment of colliery schools in South Wales followed very closely the various phases of development of coal mining.
The surface at this spot was practically level and a slight hollow had been made, in which the grave had been built.
The rock to the left of the hollow rose abruptly to present a more or less vertical face some 3ft 6in in height, a little short of the highest point of the mound as it then existed and from this face the mound appeared to fade gradually away into the rough surrounding ground. S., for the identification of the materials), was roughly rectangular in section, with a maximum length of 4ft 6in., a maximum width of 3ft and a maximum thickness of 8in.
The coverstone, a large slab of Pennant sandstone, the source of which was probably not more than 2 miles away (I have to thank Dr. This earth was cleared out with some difficulty, care being taken to leave the skeleton as far as possible undisturbed. The earth in the grave contained a number of snail-shells. S., as belonging to two species; Cepaea hortensis (Muller) & Cepaea nemoralis (Linne).
The skeleton was found to be one of large size, strongly flexed, and lying on the left side, with head to the north (see fig.3). Those preserved have been indentified by my colleague, Mr J. The flint was found behind the pelvis of the skeleton (at the point A in fig.3) but its position, near the surface of the soil filling the grave, makes it practically certain that the implement was not in direct association wit the skeleton. A flint "knife" of somewhat similar type is said to have been found with a Beaker burial in Riley's Tumulus, on Merthyr Mawr Warren (Arch.
The driving force behind the club in the early days was Mr Will "Rowe" Williams and early club captains included Mr William John Rogers & Mr Bob James, the latter was father of Jack James who kept a butcher's shop in Commercial Street.
The game of Rugby Football proved a welcome respite from such problems and by the end of the 19th century it occupied (in inductrial Wales) the same position as Associated Football did in indutrial England.
It also provided a bearing to navigate the Nash Swatch channel. A few small colliery schools were beginning to appear during this period, before monetary grants began to flow from the government.