Learn how to change more cookie settings in Chrome.
The town also suffered during the Thirty Years War.
A turning point in the town's history came in 1603 when Margrave Christian, the son of the elector, John George of Brandenburg, moved the aristocratic residence from the castle of Plassenburg above Kulmbach to Bayreuth.
It is world-famous for its annual Bayreuth Festival, at which performances of operas by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner are presented.
but was first mentioned in 1194 as Baierrute in a document by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg.
The syllable -rute may mean Rodung or "clearing", whilst Baier- indicates immigrants from the Bavarian region.
Already documented earlier, were villages later merged into Bayreuth: Seulbitz (in 1035 as the royal Salian estate of Silewize in a document by Emperor Conrad II) and St. Even the district of Altstadt (formerly Altenstadt) west of the town centre must be older than the town of Bayreuth itself.
One can therefore assume that Bayreuth was awarded its town charter between 12.
The town was ruled until 1248 by the counts of Andechs-Merania.
Please use another Browser It looks like you are using a browser that is not fully supported.
In 1605 a great fire, caused by negligence, destroyed 137 of the town's 251 houses.