The English word masturbation was introduced in the 18th century, based on the Latin verb masturbari, alongside the more technical and slightly earlier onanism. Suggested derivations include an unattested word for penis, *mazdo, cognate with Greek mézea μέζεα, "genitals", or alternatively a corruption of an unattested *manusturpare ("to defile with the hand"), by association with turbare "to disturb".were common in early modern times and are still found in modern dictionaries.
To avoid friction, irritation and soreness from this resulting friction, some may prefer to use a personal lubricant, masturbation cream or saliva.
The shaft skin can also be slid back and forth with just the index finger and thumb wrapped around the penis.
This technique may also be used by some circumcised men who have sufficient excess skin remaining from their circumcision.
For circumcised males, on whom the glans is mostly or completely uncovered, this technique creates more direct contact between the hand and the glans.
A large variety of other euphemisms and dysphemisms exist which describe masturbation.
For a list of terms, see the entry for masturbate in Wiktionary.In the Western world, masturbation in private or with a partner is generally considered a normal and healthy part of sexual enjoyment.Animal masturbation has been observed in many species, both in the wild and in captivity.This technique may include the use of a simulacrum, or artificial vagina.There are many other variations on male masturbation techniques.In the 18th and 19th centuries, some European theologians and physicians described it as "heinous", "deplorable", and "hideous", but during the 20th century these taboos generally declined.