Back in 2002 congress directed the Do D to develop an online voting demonstration project for the troops in the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).
Do D developed the SERVE project, an online voting system slated to be deployed for the 2004 elections.
Proposals to conduct voting pilots using real elections continue to reappear both in the U. and elsewhere, seemingly independent of warnings from computer security experts.
While the appeal of Internet voting is obvious, the risks, unfortunately, are not, at least to many decision makers.
Moreover, because federal researchers determined that secure online voting is not currently feasible, the Do D did not develop an online voting system for military voters.
The conclusive evidence that online voting cannot yet be done securely led the federal government to abandon its effort to develop a secure online voting system for the military in 2014.
After security researchers reviewed the system and warned that it was not secure, the deputy secretary of defense cancelled the SERVE project because Do D “could not ensure the legitimacy of ballots” cast through the SERVE system.
In response, congress amended the NDAA directive in 2005 and directed the U. Election Assistance Commission and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to study the online return of voted ballots for the purpose of setting security standards so the Department of Defense may use them for the creation of a secure online voting system for military voters.
Election officials must also make applications and blank ballots available electronically.
Except for the issues raised by the remaking of ballots in some States, this is an excellent provision that allows technology to expedite the voting process but does not endanger the verifiability of the election. But while the MOVE Act calls for electronic distribution of election materials, it is notably silent on the subject of return of voted ballots, with good reason.
The Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment (MOVE) Act of 2009 There’s no question that voting for military and overseas voters needs to be improved.